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Кардиология

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Ультразвуковое исследование легких: новые возможности для кардиолога

https://doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2020.1.n617

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Обзор литературы посвящен ультразвуковому исследованию (УЗИ) легких, которое является полезным дополнением к трансторакальной эхокардиографии (ЭхоКГ) и по диагностической ценности превосходит рентгенографию органов грудной клетки. Акустическое легочное окно остается всегда открытым и в большинстве случаев позволяет получить изображения высокого качества. Для кардиолога основные точки приложения метода – это определение плеврального выпота и легочного застоя. Метод обладает рядом преимуществ: не занимает много времени, имеет низкую стоимость, портативность и доступность, возможность обследования в режиме реального времени, отсутствие радиации, хорошую воспроизводимость и высокую информативность. Обнаружение «влажных» легких при УЗИ легких свидетельствует об угрожающей острой декомпенсации сердца еще задолго до появления клинических, аускультативных и рентгенологических признаков легочного застоя. Современная ЭхоКГ должна включать обследование сердца и легких в рамках одного интегрированного УЗИ.

Об авторах

А. Ж. Арыстан
Больница Медицинского центра УД Президента Республики Казахстан
Казахстан

Арыстан Аяна Жалгаскаликызы

Нур‐Султан




Е. Т. Хамзина
Больница Медицинского центра УД Президента Республики Казахстан
Казахстан
Нур-Султан


В. В. Бенберин
Больница Медицинского центра УД Президента Республики Казахстан
Казахстан
Нур-Султан


Д. В. Фетцер
ГБУЗ «ГКБ No 52 Департамента здравоохранения г. Москвы»
Россия
Москва


Ю. Н. Беленков
ФГАОУ ВО Первый Московский государственный медицинский университет им. И. М. Сеченова Минздрава России (Сеченовский Университет)
Россия
Москва


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Для цитирования:


Арыстан А.Ж., Хамзина Е.Т., Бенберин В.В., Фетцер Д.В., Беленков Ю.Н. Ультразвуковое исследование легких: новые возможности для кардиолога. Кардиология. 2020;60(1):81-92. https://doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2020.1.n617

For citation:


Arystan A.Z., Khamzina Y.T., Benberin V.V., Fettser D.V., Belenkov Y.N. Lung Ultrasound: new Opportunities for a Cardiologist. Kardiologiia. 2020;60(1):81-92. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2020.1.n617

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