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Транскатетерное протезирование митрального клапана: современное состояние проблемы

https://doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2017.8.10018

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Аннотация

Болезни митрального клапана по распространенности находятся на втором месте после атеросклероза коронарных сосудов и быстро приводят к тяжелой сердечной недостаточности. Болезнями митрального клапана дегенеративной и ишемической этиологии страдают 7,5% от общей популяции населения в возрасте старше 65 лет и 9,3% старше 75 лет. «Открытые» (с искусственным кровообращением) технологии хирургической коррекции или замены клапана невозможны почти у половины из этих пациентов из-за осложнений и сопутствующих заболеваний, способствующих крайне высокому риску вмешательства. В последнее десятилетие для этой же категории пациентов с пороком аортального клапана активно используются малоинвазивные, эндоваскулярные технологии - транскатетерная имплантация аортального клапана (TAVI). Однако процедура транскатетерного протезирования митрального клапана (TMVI) была разработана только в последние 2 года.

Об авторах

И. Ю. Журавлева
ФГБУ «Сибирский федеральный биомедицинский исследовательский центр им. акад. Е. Н. Мешалкина»
Россия


А. В. Богачев-Прокофьев
ФГБУ «Сибирский федеральный биомедицинский исследовательский центр им. акад. Е. Н. Мешалкина»
Россия


Д. П. Демидов
ФГБУ «Сибирский федеральный биомедицинский исследовательский центр им. акад. Е. Н. Мешалкина»
Россия


А. М. Караськов
ФГБУ «Сибирский федеральный биомедицинский исследовательский центр им. акад. Е. Н. Мешалкина»
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Журавлева И.Ю., Богачев-Прокофьев А.В., Демидов Д.П., Караськов А.М. Транскатетерное протезирование митрального клапана: современное состояние проблемы. Кардиология. 2017;57(8):51-59. https://doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2017.8.10018

For citation:


Zhuravleva I.Y., Bogachev-Prokophiev A.V., Demidov D.P., Karaskov A.M. Transcatheter Implantation of Mitral Valve Prostheses: Current Status of the Problem. Kardiologiia. 2017;57(8):51-59. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2017.8.10018

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